- Can newborns get it?, Symptoms ,Do newborns need treatment?
- Diagnosis and treatment, Complications, Questions for a doctor,Summary
Hepatitis C in newborns may occur if the person who birthed them has acquired infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). This happens when an unborn child contracts the infection while in the womb.
However, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source state that the risk of this is very low, at around 4–7%. The CDC also recommends that newborns of people with HCV undergo screening for the virus when they are 1–2 months old. Furthermore, they advise testing for antibodies against HCV after infants are 18 months old.
Many infants with HCV do not have symptoms, but they may grow more slowly and fail to gain weight. The HCV goes away without treatment in approximately 25–50% of infants by the time they reach 4 years of age. For children aged 3 years who still have HCV, there are effective antiviral treatments available.
Keep reading to learn more about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of hepatitis C in newborns.
Can newborn babies get hepatitis C?
Newborn babies have a risk of hepatitis C while in the womb if the person carrying them has contracted the infection. The likelihood is 4–7%Trusted Source per pregnancy, but the risk is higher if the pregnant individual has a high viral load, which is the amount of virus in the blood. There is also a greater likelihood if they develop a coinfection of HIV.
Having a cesarean delivery does not increase the risk.
It is also safe for the person with HCV to breastfeed their infant because no evidence shows transmission can occur in this way. However, if the breastfeeding person has nipples that are cracked and bleeding, they should stop nursing temporarilyTrusted Source. Since HCV spreads through blood carrying the HCV infection, it is best to delay nursing until the nipples have healed.
If a male parent or caregiver has HCV, they cannot transmit the virus to a baby in the womb. For this to occur, it would be necessary for them to transmit HCV to the pregnant person first, and then the pregnant person would have to transmit HCV to the baby. The likelihood of such a scenario is close to zero.
TO CONTINUE READING: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/hepatitis-c-in-newborns#can-newborns-get-it
Share on Pinterest